Colombia is the second-largest producer of coffee in the world and the largest producer of washed Arabica. It exports approximately 12.5 million bags annually—about 50 percent of that to the United States—and consumes about 2 million bags within its borders.
Colombia is also unique in that—thanks to its size and varieties of terrains and microclimates—at every time the year, some part of the country is producing coffee.
Supremo vs. Excelso
Colombia Supremo refers to the largest size of beans from Colombia. Supremo is a screen size of 17 or 18 and is slightly larger than the Excelso distinction.
Supremo and Excelso beans may be harvested from the same tree at the same time and later sorted by size, though that’s not the only difference between them. Excelso beans are also processed in the European Preparation (EP) style, a quality signifier that allows for a very low number of permissible defects.
Colombia’s Growing Regions
Colombia has 32 departments (which are similar to states) and 22 coffee-growing regions. Among the most popular of its growing regions—which we’ve listed here with their capitals) are: